Figure below is from Léonce Ndikumana and James Boyce’s Africa’s Odious Debt, and shows the relation between public health expenditures and infant mortality in 33 countries in the 2005-7 period.
ndikumana-boyceThe regression coefficient is -0.26, meaning that an increase in 1% in spending reduces infant mortality by 0.26%. The argument in the book suggests that to the extent that resources are used to paying for external debt, then debt service is bad for health outcomes.

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